The future tense with 'will' and 'going to'

     

A very confusing concept is when to lớn use WILL và when to lớn use BE GOING TO when we refer the future.

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Both refer to lớn the future và there is a slight difference between the two though in most cases they can be used interchangeably with no difference in meaning. Even if you misuse them, a native sầu speaker is going to underst& you without any problems.

Quick Summary Chart

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When lớn use GOING TO

The structure BE GOING TO is normally used to lớn indicate the future but with some type of connection lớn the present. We use it in the following situations:

1. When we have sầu already decided or we INTEND lớn do something in the future. (Prior Plan)

The decision has been made before the moment of speaking.

They"re going to retire khổng lồ the beach - in fact they have sầu already bought a little beach house.I"m going to accept the job offer.

2. When there are definite signs that something is going khổng lồ happen. (Evidence)

Something is likely khổng lồ happen based on the evidence or experience you have sầu.

I think it is going to rain - I just felt a drop.I don"t feel well. I think I"m going to throw up. (throw up = vomit)

3. When something is about to lớn happen:

Get back! The bomb is going to explode.

When to lớn use WILL

In other cases, where there is no implicit or explicit connection lớn the present, use WILL:

1. For things that we decide khổng lồ do now. (Rapid Decisions)

This is when you make a decision at that moment, in a spontaneous way.

I"ll buy one for you too.I think I"ll try one of those. (I just decided this right now)

2. When we think or believe sầu something about the future. (Prediction)

My team will not win the league this season.I think it will rain later so take an umbrella with you.

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Note: You can use both Will and Going to for making future predictions.

3. To make an offer, a promise or a threat.

I"ll give you a discount if you buy it right now.I promise I will behave next time.I"ll take you to the movies if you"d lượt thích.

4. You use WON"T when someone refuses lớn vì chưng something.

I told him to lớn take out the trash but he won"t vì chưng it.My kids won"t listen khổng lồ anything I say.My oto won"t start.

Future Predictions

As you can see, both Will & Going to can be used for making future predictions without having a real difference in meaning.

The weather report says it will rain tomorrow. (Correct)The weather report says it is going to rain tomorrow. (Correct)

Compare Will vs. Going To

If someone asks: "Are you busy this evening?"

If I respond: "Yes, I"m going lớn the movies." I use going to because it is a plan I made earlier (before I was asked the question). - In this case we cannot use Will.

If I haven"t made plans, then you can say either: "I will probably watch TV." OR "I"m probably going to watch TV."

Both will and going to are possible in this situation because we are predicting what will happen (since we haven"t made any plans).


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For more framework on the use of WILL & GOING TO refer khổng lồ the student notes for each of these at: Will & Going to

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